Inside the Japanese garden, Kabul 1988- Mujahedin graffiti recounting an ambush that had taken place just in front of the compound. It had been a garden donated by the government of Japan and had once been beautiful. But the sustained corrosive effects of revolution and civil war had left fewer and fewer things off limits. This was essentially the handwriting on the wall for things to come.

But the graffiti had an important distinction from graffiti in Peshawar. There was no anti-American rhetoric. This particular wall tells of an ambush nearby and praises God.

copyright 2001©David Dienstag
All Rights Reserved